How To Grow Cannabis Ep 5 Harvest and Cure

Today on Seeds, Soil & Sun: How to Grow Cannabis we harvest, trim, cure (or dry) and manicure our cannabis buds

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SIGNS IT’S TIME TO HARVEST
When growing outside the Season of the year will determine when it’s time to harvest. In late fall the larger leaves will yellow, die and fall off. The buds will change color depending on the strain. They may turn purplish, darken or even lighten in color. The trichome heads will turn from clear mostly clear to mostly amber.

HARVESTING THE PLANTS OR BUDS
Some like to harvest the buds as they mature individually which is an excellent method. However we are harvesting at the end of the season with frost coming soon so the entire plants will be harvested. I like to attach a twist tie or a clip to hang the plant before I cut it off but it’s up to you. Using sharp clean pruners, cut the plant off at the base, be gentle with it as you take it to the processing or curing location.

TO TRIM OR NOT TO TRIM
You can trim some of the larger fan leaves before you begin the initial curing process which will result in quicker curing but some say the flavor and intensity of the smoke may suffer a bit. So you can make that decision based on your needs or preferences at the time before you hang the plants for curing.

CURING NOT DRYING
Curing is removing the moisture, but unlike drying, it’s done as slowly as possible without mold forming. A cool, dry closet works great.

Hang the plants from the base of the stems in a secure location where the smell will not be an issue. Also keep it free from moisture, insects and drafts as well as intense heat and or cold.

  • Ideal temp: 65° F – 75° F
  • Ideal Humidity: 45% – 55%
  • Ideal time: Until small branches snap not bend

It will likely take about 1 to 2 weeks depending on size, density and other factors. When small stems snap but the large stem still bends a little you can finish off the curing for smoking cannabis. For cooking, extracting cannabis you do not need to continue with the slow cure.

If you are slow curing for a smooth smoke you can use glass jars, like mason jars, to store the cannabis looseley in the jar filled only about ⅔ full. Keep in the same controlled climate condition as before for a few weeks. Open the jars to burp the air and let breathe for a few minutes every few days until fully cured to your preference for smoking.

MANICURING THE BUDS
Once cured initially you can manicure the buds if you desire. If making edibles or concentrates you may decide to skip this step, or at least keep the trimming from the manicure for edibles or other uses. After manicuring is a good time to do the final curing as removing the leaves fully will help the aroma and flavor of the cured cannabis.

I hope this first season of Seeds, Soil and Sun was useful and informative. Please see the entire season at the link below and stay tuned to season 2 coming in Spring 2019.

Seeds, Soil and Sun: How to Grow Cannabis Series Playlist: https://tv.ruffhousestudios.com/category/seeds-soil-and-sun/


Music Attribution:
Talky Beat” Twin Musicon

How to Grow Cannabis Ep 4 Autoflower Versus Photo-period Strains

Today on Seeds, Soil & Sun: How to Grow Cannabis we learn about Autoflower and Photo-period cannabis strains and no-veg grow techniques. We also re-pot, or transplant, a pair of Autoflower cannabis plants into a larger pot, mulch and manicure it to look and grow better. 

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Organic potting soil: https://amzn.to/2ChXSQu

What are Autoflower and Photo-period varieties of cannabis?

Autoflower Strains: Autoflower varieties are based on Ruderalis type that have very short vegetative growth cycle due to its location in Northern territories with short grow seasons. They have been genetically engineered in modern days to provide a very short grow cycle, but also short plants with fewer bud point nodes.

Photo-period Strains: The standard Indica and Sativa strains are more Photoperiod based when it comes to grow cycles. These strains will not Flower until a specific amount of time of daylight to darkness is reached.

What are no-veg growing techniques?
You can get similar results to the Autoflower plant by shortening or even omitting the vegetative cycle of clones.
Other techniques such as topping young plants and LST (Low Stress Training) can alter its shape or a plants height.

How to re-pot/ transplant cannabis plants

What you need:

Cannabis Plants (Autoflower variety or no-veg)
5 gallon pot (per 2 – 3 autoflower plants)
Soil (fed with organic materials/ nutrients)
Shovel
mulch

Directions:

  1. Pre-Fill pot with moistened soil just until deep enough to cover original soil depth of plants.
  2. Carefully remove plant from old container holding by the base of the plant where it meets the soil. Gently place plant in new pot positioning it to stand upright and leaving room for other plant(s) if planting multiples.
  3. After all plants are placed gently backfill around and between then firm the soil in evenly around the plants. Fill the solid to within an inch or two of the top of the pot.
  4. Mulch around the plants to keep the soil cool and preserve moisture if desired.
  5. Trim any dead fan leaves.
  6. Water and replace in a nice sunny, but not too hot, place.

Soil Seeds and Sun: How To Grow Cannabis Full Playlist

Episode 1: https://ruffhousestudios.com/how-to-grow-cannabis-ep-1-germinating-seeds/ | Watch on YouTube

Episode 2: https://ruffhousestudios.com/how-to-grow-cannabis-ep-2-transplanting-seedlings/Watch on YouTube

Episode 3: https://ruffhousestudios.com/how-to-grow-cannabis-ep-3-determining-male-or-female-plants/Watch on YouTube

Episode 4: https://ruffhousestudios.com/how-to-grow-cannabis-4-autoflower-versus-photoperiod-strains/ | Watch on YouTube


Music Attribution:
“Rocket Power” Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com)
Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

“In Your Arms” Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com)
Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

How To Grow Cannabis Ep 3 Determining Male or Female Plants

Today on Seeds, Soil & Sun: How to Grow Cannabis we learn how to determine if a plant is male or female

Affiliate links:
Propagation kit (light, heat pad, dome): https://amzn.to/2oFxo1O
Jiffy Pots 3”: https://amzn.to/2PDaG5X
Organic potting soil: https://amzn.to/2ChXSQu

How to Determine Male or Female Cannabis Plants

  • Cannabis Plants (teenagers)
  • Magnifying glass, zoom lens
  • Scissors
  • Garbage bag

Soil Seeds and Sun: How To Grow Cannabis Full Playlist

Episode 1: https://ruffhousestudios.com/how-to-grow-cannabis-ep-1-germinating-seeds/ | Watch on YouTube

Episode 2: https://ruffhousestudios.com/how-to-grow-cannabis-ep-2-transplanting-seedlings/Watch on YouTube

Episode 3: https://ruffhousestudios.com/how-to-grow-cannabis-ep-3-determining-male-or-female-plants/Watch on YouTube

Episode 4: https://ruffhousestudios.com/how-to-grow-cannabis-4-autoflower-versus-photoperiod-strains/ | Watch on YouTube

Directions:

  1. Grow plants to teenager size and in flowering stage of season. (Late Summer/ Early Fall)
  2. Scope around the nodes of the branches to see if you find the pistils and stigmas of a female plant or the pollen flowers of a male plant.
  3. Remove the male plants by hooding with a trash bag or cover then snipping at the ground being careful not to release pollen around the female plants.

Music Attribution:
“Groove Grove” Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com)
Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/